If you had used the term Wi-Fi in 1997, the year when it was first released, many people would have dismissed you for one of those snobs that only speak in technical terms. However, today, the first thing almost anyone arriving at your home will ask for is your Wi-Fi password. Many people may now be connected to the internet in their homes via Wi-Fi than ever before, but there is concern regarding the security of such networks. The reason is that people are using the internet to bank, shop, and sometimes even secure their homes.
Now the most important question is how you can transact on your home Wi-Fi without having to worry about the security of your information. If you google this problem, you will notice that this problem worries not only you, and some tech-savvy people have even created their own profiles on free social media sites where they share their knowledge and tips about computers and the Internet and the problem of Wi-Fi security in particular. However, to save your time we have gathered, in this article, the most useful tips to ensure that you always keep your home Wi-Fi secure.
1. Change the default admin access
When you buy your router, it arrives with a default password and username. This is the first thing that you will need to change as soon as you have your device connected.
Many people may ask why there is a need to change these default admin credentials on a home network; especially considering that the home is a private space. The reality is that there are certain websites that can provide login information for anyone who knows your router model. This means that anyone who knows about such websites and the kind of router you use will be able to access your network if you have not changed the default admin settings.
2. Set password with care
Some passwords are easy to guess. Good examples of such passwords include the names and birthdays of the people who live in your house. Some people actually use their street address as their Wi-Fi passwords. This makes it easy for people, even those who are not so clever to access your network.
As frustrating as it may be, a good password should be very long. However, using a long list of 20 letters that everybody would commonly use is not going to help. You can test the password on sites that test how strong your password is. Follow their advice; they usually know what they are talking about.
Even with a strong password, it is still important that you change it on a regular basis. This is because the more familiar you get with the password yourself, the more compromised it becomes. Clever people can watch the things you do and eventually predict your actions. The more frequent you change the password, the more you keep people who want to crack into your system guessing.
Get all users to understand the importance of security
A home Wi-Fi can be shared with different people, including children who may not understand the importance of security. Hence, it is important to make everybody who has access to the network to understand why security is important.
If you are worried that the children may compromise the security of the network, then you may consider not telling them the password. You can set their devices up for then. This could also be the case with guests; when someone asks for your Wi-Fi password, ask them to give you their device so you set them up.
Have a separate guest SSID
You may trust the people that come to your house, but you can never know what their intentions actually are. Therefore, it is important to consider creating a separate guest Set Service Identifier, referred to in short as the SSID. This helps you to secure the data that’s shared on your home network because the guest SSID would run on a different local network. You will, however, need to also check if your router has this functionality.
If you are going to allow your visitors to access your home Wi-Fi, it may also be a good idea to cap the amount of data they can consume at a given time. This means that your guests will not be permitted to abuse your generosity and end up using your data limit. It also helps not to put your live stream under pressure to the point of freezing as a result of use by guests.
Place router at the center of the home
When you place your router at a central place in your home, you ensure that the signal reaches all the parts of the house. Apart from this, you guarantee that the signal does not penetrate too far outside your home. So, even when someone has the password to the network, they would need to be within the range of the signal in order for them to access it. What this means is that routers placed close to the window or outside walls are not a good idea.
Turn Wi-Fi off when, not in use
There is no need to keep your wireless home network on when no one is using it. Of course, this is different if your home security system is operated using Wi-Fi. By turning off your wireless home network, you are frustrating anyone who wants to use the advantage of the time to hack into it.
Apart from securing the network by turning it off when you are not at home, you also protect the device against power surges.
As you can see, securing your home Wi-Fi is not rocket science. However, it is something that you need to be always conscious of. It’s important to ensure you change the factory settings, select a password that is strong enough and change it regularly, and make it difficult for hackers to predict your behavior. Make everybody in the home conscious of the importance of security and enjoy the advantages of having home Wi-Fi.